Friday, 12 September 2014

Ancient Gold found at Kingsmead Quarry

Investigations at Kingsmead Quarry, Horton, Berkshire, have revealed a complex archaeological landscape and evidence that people had used the area since the end of the last Ice Age, a period of over 12,000 years.

Some of the oldest gold ever discovered in Britain along with a 4,300-year-old woman were found buried at a quarry with Ice Age origins.

Flint blades from 12,000 years ago and the strongest evidence of Neolithic housing in Britain – including two “exceptional” homes from the period and three thought to have had upper storeys – have been among the finds. A selection of the artefacts are being displayed at the Windsor and Royal Borough Museum.

'Beaker' burials date to at least the 'Copper Age' (2500-2200 BC). Found within the grave were gold ornaments (five tubular beads), along with 29 bead fragments of amber and 30 beads of black lignite.
Beaker using communities lived across Europe around 2,500 BC around about the time of Stonehenge.

In more Western regions, such as Britain, they were the first people to use copper and gold. (giving rise to the term Copper Age or Chalcolithic). They buried their people in special ways, characteristically with a distinctive type of pot, known to archaeologists as a beaker. They were also buried with other fine objects such as metal, stone and bone.

Polished and decorated handle from a shuttle tip or gouge, made from the lower limb bone of a sheep or goat (700-1 BC)