|Amateurs in southern England have stumbled upon a rare find ... an ancient Roman mosaic. While the group discovered many artifacts in the past three years, their findings pale in comparison to the 4th-century artwork.|
Thursday, 21 September 2017
Tuesday, 19 September 2017
|An expedition of marine archaeology, called the Black Sea Maritime Archaeological Project, has found ships used in antiquity at the bottom of the Black Sea. According to reports, nobody has seen or registered those ships before.|
In June, Bulgaria gave permission to the Norwegian research vessel Havila Subsea to enter the country’s territorial waters from August to October. “We have seen many shipwrecks, but we rarely see such a thing with its entire structure. But here in the Black Sea the environment is such that much has been preserved, from the structure of the ship and its cargo.”
Monday, 18 September 2017
A bronze sword is among the artifacts. The 18-inch-long (45-centimeter) sword is of a style dated to between 950 and 850 B.C.
|The Salcombe Wreck. Between 1200 and 900 B.C., a ship sank off the coast of Devon in England. Divers have so far uncovered 300 artifacts that weigh over 185 lbs combined, including copper and tin ingots (used to make bronze), weapons, and several pieces of jewelry. The wreck is significant because of its age and because the artifacts have proven that a trade network existed during the Bronze Age.|
Golden adornments called torques which date to between 1300 and 1100 B.C.
|The Belitung Shipwreck. The Belitung shipwreck was the first Arabian ship to be discovered and excavated. Found off the coast of Indonesia in 1998, it has yielded the richest and largest assortment of early ninth century Tang Dynasty gold and ceramic artifacts ever found–bowls, spice jars, inkwells, funeral urns, crystals, and gilt-silver boxes. Items included pearls from the Gulf, rubies and sapphires, a gold cup, and a silver flask.|
|The Antikythera Treasures. In 1900, divers discovered an ancient shipwreck just off the island of Antikythera. Another expedition in 1976 recovered the most significant part of the cargo. The massive haul of artifacts from the wreck included the Antikythera mechanism.|
Coins and jewelry, glassware, pottery, statues, and even copper couch beds were found. One statue is a classical bronze statue made sometime from 340 to 330 B.C. named Statue of a Youth.
|The Bom Jesus. The Bom Jesus was a Portuguese ship which sailed in 1533 and disappeared off the coast of West Africa. Geologists working for De Beers discovered the shipwreck buried in the beach. After uncovering several copper ingots, the mining operation was stopped and archaeologists were called in. It is the oldest shipwreck ever to be found off Africa’s coast and contained more than 22 tons of copper ingots, 6 cannons, swords, thousands of gold coins traced back to King João III, and more than 50 elephant tusks.|
|The Ghost Ship was accidentally discovered in 2003 by a crew searching for a Swedish plane shot down in WWII on the Baltic Sea. A full-scale expedition was launched in 2010, and researchers were able to confirm that the ship was built around 1650.|
It is believed to be a type of Dutch ship known as a fluyt (a sailing cargo ship). The waters of the Baltic Sea have almost no tidal movement and the low salinity means shipworms are not able to inhabit it. That’s why the Baltic houses some of the most ancient and well-preserved vessels in the world.
|The Vasa. The most exquisite shipwreck ever to be found in the Baltic Sea was the Swedish royal warship, the Vasa. Built between 1626 and 1628, it sank on its maiden voyage, less than a nautical mile from the harbor.|
During a recovery operation in 1961, thousands of artifacts and human remains were removed. The wreck was so well-preserved that the smallest details could still be discerned on its artwork. It took more than eighteen months and 1,300 dives to salvage the Vasa. The Vasa museum is one of the most popular tourist attractions in Sweden.
Sunday, 17 September 2017
Saturday, 16 September 2017
The new city was never found nor was the gold.
|The Spanish had been at war with the Incas of Peru for nearly forty years and the Incas had retreated to the Vilcabamba Valley in what is now Ecuador where they held off the invaders until 1572. |
When the Spanish conquered the Incas they found the city there was largely deserted. It appeared the Incas had fled to a new location taking their vast treasure of gold with them.
|A remote location in the Peruvian Amazon thought to be the legendary Lost City has been discovered and is the target for a professional expedition. Inca traditions mention a city, deep in the jungle and east of the Andes area of Cusco which could be the last Incan refuge following the Spanish Conquest. The Spanish conquistadors pillaged Cusco for its gold and silver, but the bulk of the mass treasure has never been found.|
In 1979 the Inca city of Mamería, long since reclaimed by the dense Amazon forest, was re-discovered. These ruins, some way out into the jungle from where the known boundaries of the Inca empire lay, seem to have been a outpost and coca growing area.
In 2001, the Italian archaeologist Mario Polia discovered the report of the missionary Andres Lopez in the archives of the Jesuits in Rome. In the document, which dates from about 1600, Lopez describes a large city rich in gold, silver and jewels, located in the middle of the tropical jungle called Paititi by the natives.
|Due to the remote location of the area, as well as the rugged terrain, Paititi remains elusive. |
Currently drug trafficking and illegal logging are overtaking this part of Peru, and many explorers that enter never return.
|2009 satellite photos of deforested areas of the Boco do Acre region of Brazil have revealed that there were once large settlements there.|
Some say that the belief in the existence of Paititi is the result of the conquering of the indigenous of the Cusco region, who hope that somewhere their culture and traditions continue. They say it is a myth.
Others say it is a passed-down historical fact, that some Incas left their defeated empire to start again out of the reach of the Spaniards.