|Varna is one of the oldest cities of Europe, it was founded in 570 BC by the Milethians, but it was populated much earlier than that.|
The Varna Necropolis is near Lake Varna, about 4 km from the city center.
|The golden age entombed in the Varna cemetery was brief. The bones were all buried within a few centuries, between 6,600 and 6,200 years ago. All along the lower Danube, settlements and cultures that flourished during the Copper Age come to an abrupt end around 4000 BC.
Pendant necklace of gold, carnelian, and Spondylus shell
|In 2012 archaeologists in eastern Bulgaria unearthed the oldest prehistoric town ever found in Europe, along with an ancient salt production site that gives a strong clue about why massive riches were discovered in the region.|
The area is home to huge rock-salt deposits, some of the largest in southeast Europe and the only ones to be exploited as early as the sixth millennium BC. Excavations at the site near the town of Provadia uncovered the remains of a settlement of two-storey houses, a series of pits used for rituals as well as parts of a gate, bastion structures and three later fortification walls – all carbon dated between the middle and late Chalcolithic age from 4,700 to 4,200 BC.