Thursday, 12 January 2017

The Amphipolis Tomb

The Amphipolis Tomb lies within the Kasta Hill burial mound, approximately 100 kilometres east of Thessaloniki in Greece. It lies in what was once the ancient city of Amphipolis, conquered by Philip II of Macedon, father of Alexander the Great, in 357 BC, and dates back to the fourth century B.C. The tomb was found to contain sculptures of caryatids, an ornate mosaic, and coins featuring the face of Alexander the Great.

Evidence suggests the tomb was a memorial dedicated to the friend of Alexander the Great, Hephaestion.
Hephaestion was a Macedonian nobleman that grew up with Alexander, studying with him under the tutelage of Aristotle. They became close personal friends, as well as comrades. Hephaestion became a member of Alexander’s personal bodyguard and went on to command the Companion cavalry.

Hephaestion died suddenly in Ecbatana, Iran, in 324 BC. According to ancient historian Plutarch, Alexander ordered a series of monuments to be built for Hephaestion across his empire
The remains of five individuals were found in the burial chamber of the elaborate tomb. Researchers identified a woman over 60 years old, two men between the ages of 35 and 45, a newborn infant of unknown gender, and a set of cremated remains.

Speculation is that the remains of the woman belong to Alexander the Great’s mother, Olympias, who was executed when she was about 60 years old. According to legend Hephaestion was cremated.

Mosaic shows Persephone being abducted by Pluto

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