|In Greek mythology, maenads were the female followers of Dionysus. Their name literally translates as "raving ones." Maenads were known as Bassarids in Roman mythology after the penchant of the equivalent Roman god, Bacchus, to wear a bassaris or fox-skin.|
Often maenads were portrayed as inspired by Dionysus into a state of ecstatic frenzy of dancing and intoxication. During these rites, the maenads would dress in fawn skins and carry a thyrsus, a long stick wrapped in ivy or vine leaves and tipped with a pine cone. They would weave ivy-wreaths around their heads or wear a bull helmet in honor of their god, and often handle or wear snakes.