Sunday, 7 May 2017

The Kingdom of Macedon

Philip II circa 322-317 BCE
Philip II made many critical military innovations before his kingdom began its conquest of the South. His son Alexander III - Alexander the Great - finished the job, uniting all Greeks under one rule. Alexander then conquered the Persian Empire and parts of Afghanistan and India, creating the largest empire the world had yet seen.

Macedon fell in battle to the Roman Republic in 168, the same year the Romans took control of the rest of Greece. The kingdom enjoyed a brief two-year independence from 150 to 148 BC before it was folded into the province of Macedonia.

Kingdom of Macedon, Alexander III the Great 323 BCE
Alexander died in Babylon in 323 BC. In the years following his death, a series of civil wars tore his empire apart. Alexander's legacy includes the founding of some twenty cities. Alexander's settlement of Greek colonists in the east resulted in a new Hellenistic civilization, aspects of which were still evident in the traditions of the Byzantine Empire in the mid-15th century AD
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