|Göbekli Tepe was first discovered in 1996. An ancient site in southern Turkey, archaeologists believe it was built around 12,000 years ago, possibly as some kind of a holy site.|
Friday, 30 June 2017
Thursday, 29 June 2017
Wednesday, 28 June 2017
|Corinthian Helmet and Skull from the Battle of Marathon 490 BCE – Royal Ontario Museum, Canada. A pivotal moment in Ancient Greek history, the battle of Marathon saw a smaller Greek force, mainly made up of Athenian troops, defeat an invading Persian army.|
A fierce and bloody battle, with numerous casualties, it appears that this helmet (with skull inside) belonged to a Greek hoplite (soldier) who died during the fighting.
The story of the man who ran back to Athens with the news of the victory became synonymous with the long distance running event in the Olympics.
Tuesday, 27 June 2017
Monday, 26 June 2017
|It was a world where feathers were more valuable than gold. Fifteen hundred years ago, Peru’s Nasca culture knotted thousands of imported tropical feathers to strings, layering them thickly to create a garment of great power. The rarest feathers, including the iridescent green feathers of the quetzal, were reserved for the Aztec emperor himself.|
The unprecedented exhibition features more than 300 works from 53 lenders in 12 countries.
|The MET exhibition follows a specific historical and geographical path. It traces the development of gold-working in the Americas from its origins around 1000 BC in the Andes, to its expansion northward into Central America, and finally to Mexico, where gold-working comes into its own only after 1000 AD.|
Jade plaque showing a seated king and palace attendant, 600–800 AD
|‘Golden Kingdoms: Luxury and Legacy in the Ancient Americas’ is at the Getty Center, Los Angeles, from 16 September–28 January 2018.|
Sunday, 25 June 2017
|In 2014 a Caligula coin appeared on 'Pawn Stars'. The coin was a silver denarius that was struck in the last 24 days of Caligula's life. |
Caius Caesar was born in 12 A.D., the son of Germanicus and Agrippina Sr. He was nicknamed Caligula, meaning "little boots," by the legions because as a child his mother dressed him in military uniforms (including little boots).
Initially he was very popular, succeeding Tiberius in 37 A.D. when he was 24 years old. For a few brief months he ruled well. His reign quickly degenerated into debauchery and murder. He was murdered by the Praetorian Guard in 41 A.D.
|Caligula was sadistic, cruel and indulged in sexual aberrations that offended Rome and were considered insane. Caligula's power soon led him to believe himself a God. This led him to kill anyone that he thought surpassed him in something.|
Declaring himself a deity caused a major backlash in Judea, because Jewish law said that they could only worship their God. His refusal to revoke the decree that the nations worship him caused the revolution in Judea. Caligula's hubris eventually destroyed him. He insulted his Roman military commanders, particularly Cassius Chaerea, who plotted against and murdered him on January 24, 41 at the Palatine Games.
|Caligula was tall, with spindly legs and a thin neck. His eyes and temples were sunken and his forehead broad and glowering. His hair was thin and he was bald on top, though he had a hairy body.|
During his reign it was a crime punishable by death to look down on him as he passed by, or to mention a goat in his presence.
|In late 2012 an ancient Gold aureus of emperor Caligula was discovered underwater in the area between Limassol and Larnaca in Cyprus by a local amateur fisherman. |
Roman gold went east in payment for spices and silk. The Roman writer Pliny the Elder (AD 23/4-79) tells us that, in his day, over 25 million denarii were spent each year on this trade, equivalent to one million gold coins.