|In antiquity, Phrygia was a kingdom in the west central part of Anatolia, in what is now Turkey, centered on the Sakarya River. Several legendary kings were Phrygians: Gordias whose Gordian Knot would later be cut by Alexander the Great, Midas who turned whatever he touched to gold, and Mygdon who warred with the Amazons.|
|According to Homer's Iliad, the Phrygians were close allies of the Trojans and participants in the Trojan War against the Achaeans. Phrygian power reached its peak in the late 8th century BC. |
The later Midas was the last independent king of Phrygia before its capital Gordium was sacked by Cimmerians around 695 BC. Phrygia then became subject to Lydia, and then successively to Persia, Alexander and his Hellenistic successors, Pergamon, Rome and Byzantium. Phrygians were assimilated into other cultures by the early medieval era.
|A spectacular array of 150 objects, including more than 120 specially loaned ancient artifacts from four museums in the Republic of Turkey, are keys to telling the true story of a very real and powerful ruler of the Phrygian kingdom.|
The Golden Age of King Midas is an exhibition developed by the Penn Museum
Road to Gordion
Ivory statuette of a lion tamer found at Delphi
Greek Gold Gordian Knot Necklace Plaque