Friday, 29 September 2017

Amateur UK Metal Detectorist Finds Roman Hoard

A metal detectorist has found a cache of bronze treasures in Gloucestershire, dating back to the last decades of the Ancient Roman occupation of Britain. The fragments, dated between 318 and 450 AD, appear to have been deliberately broken and hidden. The cache includes fragments of metal boxes, handles from boxes, pieces of metal statues, bronze jewellery pieces, part of a cooking vessel, buckles, and furniture fittings.
A dog statue, archaeologists believe, is an example of a healing statue. Dogs were considered a healing totem, since they would aid their own healing by licking their wounds.

Thursday, 28 September 2017

Rose Gold Jewellery from Ancient Colombia

Rose gold is trendy now, but ancient Colombians also valued it. Researchers have found Colombia's Nahuange people, who lived during the first millennium AD, were capable of making impure gold appear more valuable. And they often intentionally over polished their gold products to reveal pink and orange tones underneath - creating a rose gold jewellery. Rose gold gets its colour from copper. The pink hued metal was particularly popular in Russia with Jeweller Peter Carl Fabergé in the late 19th century.
Researchers studied 44 pinkish metal artifacts from the Nahuange culture. Little is known about the society of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta mountain range, near Colombia's Caribbean coast, which flourished between 100 and 1,000 AD.

Andean goldsmiths created a process called depletion gilding that allowed them, through a combination of oxidation and polishing, to bring the gold to the surface. In the case of the rose gold jewellery, the craftsmen intentionally polished past this golden layer to reveal the copper content beneath.

Tuesday, 26 September 2017

Drones Reveal Unexplored Ancient Settlement in Iraqi Kurdistan

During the Cold War era, US spy satellites snapped stealthy images of the Soviet Union, China and their allies in Southeast Asia and the Middle East. When these images were declassified in the 1990s, photos of a rocky terrace in Iraqi Kurdistan caught the attention of archaeologists, who believed they could spot the ancient remnants of a large, square fort. Qalatga Darband, as the settlement is called, is located at a strategic point on the Darband-i-Rania pass, which once linked Mesopotamia to Iran. Archaeologists think the city was built on a route that Alexander of Macedon took in 331 BC while pursuing Persian King Darius III; who was fleeing from his defeat at the Battle of Gaugamela.
Drone images of Qalatga Darband were processed to enhance color differences and experts were able to observe irregularities in crop growth—an indicator of a structure below ground. The city, nearby Lake Dukan, was circled by a wall and had a fort, a temple, and wine presses.
Qalatga Darband appears to have been occupied during the early Parthian period, which spanned from the first century B.C. to the first century A.D. A coin discovered at the site depicts the Parthian king Orodes II, who ruled between 57 B.C. and 37 B.C.

The Parthians were a major power, conquering vast swaths of territory after successful campaigns against a number of powerful groups, including the Hellenistic Seleucids and the Romans.

Friday, 22 September 2017

Foo Fighters - Hitler's Stealth Fighter

The term 'Foo Fighter' was used by Allied aircraft pilots in World War II to describe various UFOs or mysterious aerial phenomena seen in the skies over both the European and Pacific theaters of operations.

Though "foo fighter" was named by the U.S. 415th Night Fighter Squadron, the term was also commonly used to mean any UFO sighting from that period.
Formally reported from November 1944 onwards, witnesses often assumed that the foo fighters were secret weapons employed by the enemy. The Robertson Panel explored possible explanations, for instance that they were electrostatic phenomena similar to St. Elmo's fire, electromagnetic phenomena, or simply reflections of light from ice crystals.
The Horten Ho 229 – “Hitler’s Stealth fighter” was the first “flying wing” aircraft with a jet engine. It was the first plane with design elements, which can be referred to as stealth technology, to hinder the effectiveness of radar to detect the plane.

In 1943, the head of the German Luftwaffe, Hermann Göring, presented what is known as the “3 X 1000” goal. Goring wanted a plane that could carry 1000 kg of bombs (2,200 lb), with a range of 1000 km (620 miles), at a speed of 1000 km/h (620 mph). Work on the next prototype version of the plane, the H.IX V3, ended when the American 3rd Army’s VII Corps on April 14, 1945 reached the Gotha plant in Friederichsroda.
The only remaining Horten Ho 229 known was restored at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center.

The H.IX’s wings were made from two carbon injected plywood panels adhered to each other with a charcoal and sawdust mixture. Engineers at Northrop tested a non-flying reproduction and found the design gave about a 20 percent reduction in radar range detection over a conventional fighter of the day.

Thursday, 21 September 2017

Amateurs Discover Rare Ancient Roman Mosaic in England

Amateurs in southern England have stumbled upon a rare find ... an ancient Roman mosaic. While the group discovered many artifacts in the past three years, their findings pale in comparison to the 4th-century artwork.

The find is being hailed as the most important discovery of its kind in Britain in over fifty years. Measuring more than 20 feet (6 meters) in length, experts believe that it depicts the Greek mythological hero Bellerophon.

Tuesday, 19 September 2017

Unrecorded ancient shipwreck found in Black Sea

An expedition of marine archaeology, called the Black Sea Maritime Archaeological Project, has found ships used in antiquity at the bottom of the Black Sea. According to reports, nobody has seen or registered those ships before.

In June, Bulgaria gave permission to the Norwegian research vessel Havila Subsea to enter the country’s territorial waters from August to October. “We have seen many shipwrecks, but we rarely see such a thing with its entire structure. But here in the Black Sea the environment is such that much has been preserved, from the structure of the ship and its cargo.”

Sunday, 17 September 2017

Accurate Sculpture Of Ancient Sea Creature

It's a face that only a mother could love. Agnostus pisiformis lived between 506 to 492 million years ago, ending its brief reign during the early stages of the Upper Cambrian period. These trilobite-like arthropods lived in huge numbers, leaving an abundance of fossilized traces in England, Scandinavia and Russia. Scientists have known about Agnostus pisiformis for centuries. It was first introduced to the literature in 1729 by Swedish scientist Magnus von Bromell, who described its weird appendages as "small beetle-like worms."

Saturday, 16 September 2017

Paititi - Lost City of Gold


The new city was never found nor was the gold.
The Spanish had been at war with the Incas of Peru for nearly forty years and the Incas had retreated to the Vilcabamba Valley in what is now Ecuador where they held off the invaders until 1572.

When the Spanish conquered the Incas they found the city there was largely deserted. It appeared the Incas had fled to a new location taking their vast treasure of gold with them.

A remote location in the Peruvian Amazon thought to be the legendary Lost City has been discovered and is the target for a professional expedition. Inca traditions mention a city, deep in the jungle and east of the Andes area of Cusco which could be the last Incan refuge following the Spanish Conquest. The Spanish conquistadors pillaged Cusco for its gold and silver, but the bulk of the mass treasure has never been found.

In 1979 the Inca city of Mamería, long since reclaimed by the dense Amazon forest, was re-discovered. These ruins, some way out into the jungle from where the known boundaries of the Inca empire lay, seem to have been a outpost and coca growing area.

In 2001, the Italian archaeologist Mario Polia discovered the report of the missionary Andres Lopez in the archives of the Jesuits in Rome. In the document, which dates from about 1600, Lopez describes a large city rich in gold, silver and jewels, located in the middle of the tropical jungle called Paititi by the natives.

Due to the remote location of the area, as well as the rugged terrain, Paititi remains elusive.

Currently drug trafficking and illegal logging are overtaking this part of Peru, and many explorers that enter never return.

2009 satellite photos of deforested areas of the Boco do Acre region of Brazil have revealed that there were once large settlements there.

Some say that the belief in the existence of Paititi is the result of the conquering of the indigenous of the Cusco region, who hope that somewhere their culture and traditions continue. They say it is a myth.

Others say it is a passed-down historical fact, that some Incas left their defeated empire to start again out of the reach of the Spaniards.