|The archaeological site of Tombos along the Nile River Valley, in what is now a northern region of Sudan, harks back to the ancient Nubians. It is dated to the Third Intermediate Period, 1050-728 B.C.E., and it was found more than 5 feet underground in a tomb. The horse, with some chestnut-colored fur remaining, had been buried in a funeral position with a burial shroud.|
The horse burial at Tombos mirrors the might of the Kushite Empire (circa 8th century BC) that was responsible for uniting Lower Egypt, Upper Egypt, and also Kush. The well-preserved burial hints at the possibility that horses were far more important to the Kushite (Nubian) culture than previously thought.
Monday, 30 April 2018
Saturday, 28 April 2018
|Switzerland handed over a batch of around 550 ancient Roman, Byzantine and Ottoman coins to Serbia. They were about to be sold online. The highlights of the seized loot is a sesterce bearing a depiction of Roman Empress Faustina dating from the 2nd century, and a solidus with the effigy of Byzantine Emperor Heraclius dating from the 7th century.|
Friday, 27 April 2018
|A child (left) and baby llama (right) were part of the sacrificial killing of more than 140 children and over 200 llamas on the north coast of Peru around A.D. 1450.||Evidence for the largest single incident of mass child sacrifice in the Americas— and likely the world —has been discovered on Peru's northern coast. |
More than 140 children and 200 young llamas appear to have been ritually sacrificed in an event that took place some 550 years ago on a wind-swept bluff overlooking the Pacific Ocean, in the shadow of the capital of the Chimú Empire. The sacrifice site is located on a low bluff a thousand feet from the sea in Peru's northern Huanchaco district. Half a mile to the east of the site is the UNESCO World Heritage site of Chan Chan, an ancient Chimú administrative center.
|At its peak, the Chimú Empire controlled a 600-mile-long territory along the Pacific coast from the modern Peru-Ecuador border to Lima. Skeletal remains of both children and animals show evidence of cuts to the sternum and rib dislocations, which suggest that the victims' chests were cut open and pulled apart, likely to remove the heart.|
Wednesday, 25 April 2018
|The European Space Agency unveiled a new, highly detailed sky map of the Milky Way Galaxy that showcases the brightness and positions of nearly 1.7 billion stars. It’s the most comprehensive catalog of stars to date|
Tuesday, 24 April 2018
|Cave bear||As humans migrated out of Africa, the average mammal size in the newly occupied continents started to shrink, often to sizes even smaller than those found in Africa.
A clear pattern emerged – the animals that survived tended to be smaller than those that did not.|
From a life-history standpoint, it makes sense. If you kill a rabbit, you’re going to feed your family for a day. If you can kill a large mammal, you’re going to feed your entire village for a week.
Sunday, 22 April 2018
|Archaeologists have discovered an ancient shrine and a bust of the Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius in southern Egypt. It was found in the Temple of Kom Ombo in the southern city of Aswan.
The head is "unique" because statues depicting this emperor are rare in Egypt.|
|Marcus Aurelius (26 April 121 – 17 March 180 AD) was Roman emperor from 161 to 180. He was the last of the so-called 'Five Good Emperors'. His death in 180 is considered the end of the Pax Romana and the beginning of the eventual fall of the Western Roman Empire. |
Saturday, 21 April 2018
Friday, 20 April 2018
Tuesday, 17 April 2018
|In 2014 a Caligula coin appeared on 'Pawn Stars'. The coin was a silver denarius that was struck in the last 24 days of Caligula's life. |
Caius Caesar was born in 12 A.D., the son of Germanicus and Agrippina Sr. He was nicknamed Caligula, meaning "little boots," by the legions because as a child his mother dressed him in military uniforms (including little boots).
Initially he was very popular, succeeding Tiberius in 37 A.D. when he was 24 years old. For a few brief months he ruled well. His reign quickly degenerated into debauchery and murder. He was murdered by the Praetorian Guard in 41 A.D.
|Caligula was sadistic, cruel and indulged in sexual aberrations that offended Rome and were considered insane. Caligula's power soon led him to believe himself a God. This led him to kill anyone that he thought surpassed him in something.|
Declaring himself a deity caused a major backlash in Judea, because Jewish law said that they could only worship their God. His refusal to revoke the decree that the nations worship him caused the revolution in Judea. Caligula's hubris eventually destroyed him. He insulted his Roman military commanders, particularly Cassius Chaerea, who plotted against and murdered him on January 24, 41 at the Palatine Games.
|Caligula was tall, with spindly legs and a thin neck. His eyes and temples were sunken and his forehead broad and glowering. His hair was thin and he was bald on top, though he had a hairy body.|
During his reign it was a crime punishable by death to look down on him as he passed by, or to mention a goat in his presence.
|In late 2012 an ancient Gold aureus of emperor Caligula was discovered underwater in the area between Limassol and Larnaca in Cyprus by a local amateur fisherman. Roman gold went east in payment for spices and silk. The Roman writer Pliny the Elder (AD 23/4-79) tells us that, in his day, over 25 million denarii were spent each year on this trade, equivalent to one million gold coins.|
Monday, 16 April 2018
|A 1787 New York Brasher Doubloon has sold in a private deal for more than $5m. The price exceeded the $4.58m that the same coin had fetched in January 2014. The coin has the highest grade among the seven recorded examples of its type. The doubloons struck by goldsmith and silversmith Ephraim Brasher, George Washington's neighbor in New York City, are considered the first ‘truly American’ gold coins.|
Friday, 13 April 2018
|Lucius Verus. (Emperor, 161-169 CE). Struck 164 CE. AV Aureus. NGC Gem MS (Gem Mint State) Strike 5/5 Surface 5/5 Fine Style. Rome. Superb gem in an incredible state of preservation; an exquisite portrait.|
|Greek. Kingdom of Macedon. Philip II. (King, 359-336 BC). Early posthumous issue. AR Tetradrachm. NGC Ch. AU (Choice About Uncirculated) Strike 5/5 Surface 4/5.|
|Roman Republican. L. Hostilius Saserna. Struck 48 BC. AR Denarius. NGC AU (About Uncirculated) Strike 5/5 Surface 4/5. Rome. 3.87gm. Head of Gallic warrior (Vercingetorix?)|
|All roads may lead to Rome, but when you get there the mean streets may swallow you whole. An Italian cocktail of chronic mismanagement, corruption, bureaucracy, neglect, heavy traffic, rare snow and constant rain has turned Rome’s roads into a modern ruin.|
Wednesday, 11 April 2018
|According to the Prose Edda, Odin took Loki's three children by Angrboða and tossed Jörmungandr into the great ocean that encircles Midgard. The serpent grew so large that it was able to surround the earth and grasp its own tail. As a result, it received the name of the Midgard Serpent or World Serpent. When it releases its tail, Ragnarök will begin. Jörmungandr's arch-enemy is the thunder-god, Thor.|
|The last meeting between the serpent and Thor is predicted to occur at Ragnarök, when Jörmungandr will come out of the ocean and poison the sky. Thor will kill Jörmungandr and then walk nine paces before falling dead, having been poisoned by the serpent's venom.|