|Tarim Mummies. During an excavation beneath the Tarim Basin in western China, archaeologists were surprised to discover more than 100 mummified corpses that dated back 2,000 years. Victor Mair was stupefied when he found blonde-haired and long-nosed Tarim mummies after they were dug up and put on display at a museum. In 1993 Mair returned to collect DNA samples from the mummies. Test results validated his hunch that the bodies were of European genetic stock. While ancient Chinese texts describe groups of far-East dwelling Caucasian people, there is no mention of how or why they ended up there.|
|The Carnac Stones. With over 3,000 prehistoric standing stones, Carnac (in Brittany, France) is the largest megalithic site in the world. Not all of the Carnac stones were set up for the same purpose. There are stone circles, rows of stones aligned perfectly, and even mausoleums with roofs. Stones may have been periodically placed over thousands of years, but a rough calculation for the beginning of the stone placements is 4000 BC.|
The Helike Delta with the Gulf of Corinth at left.
|Lost City of Helike Helike was situated on the northwestern part of the Peloponnesian peninsula. During its heyday, Helike was an important economic, cultural and religious centre. One night during the winter of 373 B.C., the city of Helike was obliterated. The rescue party that came in the following morning found no survivors. No trace of the legendary society existed outside of ancient Greek texts until 1861 when an archaeologist found a bronze coin with the unmistakable head of Poseidon. In 2001, a pair of archaeologists located the ruins of Helike.|
|Rongorongo is an indecipherable hieroglyphic script used by the early inhabitants on Easter Island. While no other neighboring oceanic people possessed a written language, Rongorongo appeared mysteriously in the 1700s. The language was lost—along with the best hopes for ever deciphering it—after early European colonizers banned it.|
|The Anasazi appeared around 1200 BC. Over centuries they lived in the area where New Mexico, Colorado, Arizona and Utah meet. They developed advanced architecture and religion. The name Anasazi means “ancient strangers” or “ancient enemy” in the old Navajo language. They left behind many petroglyphs and other rock art. In the 13th century AD, the Anasazi mysteriously disappeared.|
|The Rock Ship of Masuda sits atop a steep incline of a hill near Okadera Station in Nara Prefecture of Kansai, Japan. Its purpose remains a mystery.
The rock ship is 11 meters (36 feet) by 8 meters (26 feet), by 4.5 meters high (15 feet), and is made of solid granite. It weighs around 80 tons.|