|Croesus, King of Lydia, ruled from 561 to 547 BCE. His wealth was built on gold from the waters of the Pactolus River, which flowed through the capital, Sardis. The Lydians were the first to mint coins of pure gold and silver.|
|Sardis was covered over by waves of succeeding generations of invaders, the Greeks, the Romans, and the Byzantines.|
Arm of a soldier, killed in the battle between Croesus and Cyrus. He died clutching a small stone in his hand, likely a slingstone.