|Tipu Sultan (20 November 1750 – 4 May 1799), also known as the Tiger of Mysore, was the Indian ruler who resisted the East India Company’s conquest of southern India. Opinion in England considered him a vicious tyrant, while modern Indian nationalists hail him as a freedom fighter.|
In the Fourth Anglo-Mysore War, the combined forces of the British East India Company and the Nizam of Hyderabad defeated Tipu, and he was killed on 4 May 1799 while defending his fort of Srirangapatna.
Tipu's Tiger, c.1790. Made for the amusement of Sultan Tipu; the tiger has a miniature organ with keyboard and bellows to simulate the groans of a dying British officer.
Inscribed Sword of Tipu Sultan. Former liquor magnate Vijay Mallya bought the sword in 2004 but gave it away 9 years later saying it brought him bad luck.
Cannon used by Tipu Sultan at Srirangapatna in 1799
A gem-encrusted gold tiger finial from the throne of Tipu Sultan sold for £434,400.
|Tipu Sultan ruled a vast swathe of southern India during the 18th century. |
He fought ferociously against the encroachments of the British East India Company, but was ultimately defeated.
'In this world I would rather live two days like a tiger, than two hundred years like a sheep.' - Tipu Sultan
|A 3-pounder bronze cannon sold for £1.4m ($2.1m).|
A flintlock pistol with left-hand lock, made for Tipu Sultan at Seringapatam, dated AD 1797-98.
Inscription on the barrel reads: 'The peerless rifle of the Khusraw of India to which the forked lightning in second can seal the enemy's fate if his forehead is made the target.'
|A two shot superimposed-load silver-mounted flintlock from the armoury of Tipu Sultan, dated AD 1793-94.|
A pair of silver-mounted Flintlock pistols with left and right-hand locks, made for Tipu Sultan, dated AD 1794-95. Sold For: £134,500
A Tipu Sultan sword fitted with a captured English blade.