Tuesday, 15 November 2022

Grave of ‘Griffin Warrior’ at Pylos - update

DNA analysis reveals that the Griffin Warrior of ancient Pylos likely grew up where he would later rule. Researchers made their discovery excavating near the ancient Palace of Nestor. The body of a man they found was in his early to mid-thirties when he died. The Griffin Warrior was interred sometime around 1500 B.C. The team found no ceramic objects, “He was so wealthy that all of the vessels were in bronze, silver or gold.” They concluded that the Griffin Warrior was a very important figure, likely one of the first kings of ancient Pylos.
The grave of a Mycenaean warrior was uncovered in 2016 in Pylos in the southwest of Greece was that of a warrior in his mid-30s. Buried with him were thousands of objects, including silver cups, beads made of precious stones, ivory combs, a sword and four intricately decorated solid gold rings.

The discovery of the “Griffin Warrior” offers evidence that Mycenaean culture recognized and appreciated Minoan culture. The man's rings are made of multiple sheets of gold and depict very detailed scenes and iconography straight out of Minoan mythology. The rings probably come from Crete where they were used to place seals on documents or objects.
All the cups, pitchers and basins found were made of metal – bronze, silver and gold. The man was hugely rich.

Since discovery the number of artifacts recovered from the grave has reached over 3,500, including a significant Minoan stone called the Pylos Combat Agate and four signet gold rings with detailed images from Minoan mythology.

A bronze mirror with an ivory handle.
Archaeologists digging at Pylos, an ancient city on the southwest coast of Greece, discovered the rich grave of a warrior who was buried at the dawn of European civilization.

Archaeologists expressed astonishment at the richness of the find and its potential for shedding light on the emergence of the Mycenaean civilization, the lost world of Agamemnon, Nestor, Odysseus and other heroes described in the epics of Homer.
The tomb is said to be the the most complete Greek find of its kind since the 1950s. The find includes gold, silver, ivory, and bronze artifacts, as well as engraved gemstones and an ornate ivory-and gilt-hilted sword.

The warrior was buried around 1500 B.C., next to the site on Pylos on which, many years later, arose the palace of Nestor, a large administrative center that was destroyed in 1180 B.C., about the same time as Homer’s Troy.

The palace was part of the Mycenaean civilization; from its ashes, classical Greek culture arose several centuries later.