|Babylonian King Nebuchadnezzar II was the longest-reigning and most powerful monarch of the Neo-Babylonian Empire. Between 589-586 BCE, he laid siege to Jerusalem, eventually entering the city and razing it and its Holy Temple complex to the ground. The Babylonian king's two sieges of Jerusalem (in 597 and 587 BC) are depicted in 2 Kings 24–25. The Book of Jeremiah calls Nebuchadnezzar the "destroyer of nations". In 605 BCE, after the battle of Carchemish, Judah became a vassal state under Nebuchadnezzar.|
Egyptian military success against Babylon in 601 prompted vassal states, including Judah, to rebel.
|This led to Nebuchadnezzar besieging Jerusalem in 597 BCE and conquering the city. Nebuchadnezzar appointed Zedekiah as a puppet king, but he also rebelled against his Babylonian rulers. As a consequence the Babylonian army besieged Jerusalem again, and this time they destroyed the city and the temple in 586 BCE.|