Thursday, 11 March 2021

Judaea Capta

Vespasian levied the punitive Fiscus Judaicus tax against all five million of his Jewish subjects. The Great Revolt between the Romans and the Jews in 63 CE occured when Roman governor Gessius Florus looted the Second Temple. After the capture of Jerusalem, the last rebels committed suicide at Masada. In 69 CE, Galba, the governor of Hispania (Spain), rebelled against Nero and Rome saw the 'year of 4 emperors'.

Vespasian. AU Aureus (7.05 g), AD 69-79. ‘Judaea Capta’ type.
Vespasian then began striking vast numbers of Judaea Capta coins in all denominations.

One element of the Judaea Capta imagery is a group of military trophies. Captured weapons and armor hung from a tree or post represents a military victory over the defeated enemy.