|Termessos was a fortified city, founded by Pamphylian tribes called the Solymi in the Taurus mountain range in present-day Turkey. Alexander the Great surrounded Termessos in 333 BC but failed to take the city. He likened it to an “eagle’s nest".|
After a gradual decline, the city was abandoned in the 5th century AD when an earthquake destroyed the city's aqueduct, cutting off supply of water.
|In 71 BC, Termessos allied with Rome and was granted independent status. Rome’s influence was shown with the construction of a triumphal arch in dedication to Emperor Hadrian. At its peak, Termessos had an estimated population of 150,000. |