Sunday, 7 February 2021

The Ancient City of Termessos

Termessos was a fortified city, founded by Pamphylian tribes called the Solymi in the Taurus mountain range in present-day Turkey. Alexander the Great surrounded Termessos in 333 BC but failed to take the city. He likened it to an “eagle’s nest".

After a gradual decline, the city was abandoned in the 5th century AD when an earthquake destroyed the city's aqueduct, cutting off supply of water.
In 71 BC, Termessos allied with Rome and was granted independent status. Rome’s influence was shown with the construction of a triumphal arch in dedication to Emperor Hadrian. At its peak, Termessos had an estimated population of 150,000.