Monday, 29 March 2021

Battle of Teutoburg Forest

In 2018 eight gold coins were discovered in Germany that could confirm the site of the Battle of Teutoburg Forest. Such a find is extremely rare. The recent discovery at Kalkriese doubles the number of gold coins from the site. The coins feature Emperor Augustus, with the imperial princes Gaius and Lucius Caesar, and date between 2BCE and 5CE. The Battle of the Teutoburg Forest took place in 9 CE, when an alliance of Germanic tribes ambushed and destroyed three legions of the Roman commander Publius Quintilius Varus.
In September 9 AD Varus marched with three legions with him, the Seventeenth, the Eighteenth and the Nineteenth when news arrived from the Germanic prince Arminius of a growing revolt in the Rhine area to the West. Ignoring a warning from Segestes not to trust Arminius, Varus marched deep into the Teutoburg Forest.

All three legions were wiped out to the last man. Varus committed suicide.
As a result of the battle Germania remained independent from Roman rule.

Roughly 20,000 men were killed during the slaughter in Teutoburg Forest.
An aureus from the reign of Augustus would have been enough to feed and house an entire family in Rome for a month.

Archaeologists speculate they once belonged to a high-ranking Roman officer.
In 1990 a misshapen and corroded cavalry mask was found. Thought to have been worn during exhibitions by cavalry it is one of the most exceptional finds at the site of the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest. It is one the oldest facial helmets known from the Roman army, dating from the first part of the 1st century CE.

Sunday, 28 March 2021

Cyrene

Founded in the 7th century B.C., Cyrene was one of the principal cities in the Hellenic world. UNESCO added the site to its World Heritage List in 1992. “A thousand years of history is written into its ruins,” it said. Cyrene lies between the Egyptian border and Benghazi.
The ruins of the ancient Greek city of Cyrene survived Libya’s 2011 revolution and a decade of lawlessness but now face looters and bulldozers.

Saturday, 27 March 2021

Sanxingdui Ruins

Sanxingdui (Chinese: 三星堆;'Three Star Mound') is a major Bronze Age site in modern Guanghan, Sichuan, China. It was populated in the 12th–11th centuries BCE. Archaeologists found six new sacrificial pits and unearthed more than 500 items dating back 3,000 years at the Sanxingdui Ruins in Sichuan Province last year.
Items from four of the pits included pieces of gold masks, gold foil, bronze masks, bronze tree relics and several ivory pieces.

Monday, 22 March 2021

Gold mask found in China

Archaeologists have uncovered a 3,000-year-old gold mask in southwest China. Weighing about 280 grams of 84% gold, the ceremonial mask is one of over 500 items unearthed from six newly discovered "sacrificial pits."
The finds were made at Sanxingdui, a 4.6-square-mile area outside the provincial capital of Chengdu. Experts say the items may shine light on the Shu state, a kingdom that ruled in the western Sichuan basin until 316 BC.

Saturday, 20 March 2021

Bronze bull from ancient Olympia found

Greek archaeologists have unearthed by chance a 2,500-year-old bronze bull at the archaeological site of Olympia. With one of its horns sticking out of the ground after a heavy rainfall, the statuette was found intact, close to the temple of Zeus at Olympia.

Archaeologists believe the bull was part of the gifts offered to Zeus from 1,050 to 700 B.C.

Friday, 19 March 2021

Spectacular Ancient Bronze

Dated to 330 BC, the Boxer at Rest is a sculpture of a sitting nude boxer at rest, still wearing his caestus, a type of leather hand-wrap, in the National Museum of Rome.
The Boxer was discovered in 1885, possibly from the remains of the Baths of Constantine.
“Portrait of Seuthes III” (310-300 B.C.), Greek. Bronze, copper, calcite, alabaster, and glass. Seuthes III was a ruler of the Odrysian kingdom of Thrace from 331 BC to ca. 300 BC. This bronze was found in his tomb.

“The Medici Riccardi Horse” About 350 B.C. Italian Bronze and gold.
The bronze "Chimera of Arezzo" is one of the best known examples of the art of the Etruscans. It was found in Arezzo, an ancient Etruscan and Roman city in Tuscany, in 1553. Inscribed on its right foreleg is an inscription, TINSCVIL, showing that the bronze was a votive object dedicated to the supreme Etruscan god of day, Tin or Tinia. The statue is thought to have been made around 400 BC.
The over-lifesize "Dancing Satyr" of Mazara del Vallo is a Greek bronze statue recovered from the sea floor at a depth of 500m (1600 ft.) off the southwestern coast of Sicily in 1998.

The satyr is depicted in mid-leap, head thrown back ecstatically and back arched, his hair swinging with the movement of his head. The figure is highly refined; the whites of his eyes are inlays of white alabaster.
Artemis and the Stag is an early Roman Imperial or Hellenistic bronze sculpture of the ancient Greek goddess Artemis. In June 2007 the statue fetched $28.6 million at auction, the highest sale price of any sculpture at the time.

The statue depicts Artemis, the Greek goddess of hunting and wild animals. She stands in a pose that suggests she has just released an arrow from her bow. At some point in its history, the bow was separated from the sculpture and was lost.
Alexander the Great on Horseback, 100-1 B.C., bronze and silver.

Victorious Athlete, "The Getty Bronze" 300-100 B.C.
Statue of Athene (“The Peiraeus Athena”). Bronze. 340—330 BCE
The Artemesium Zeus
The horses of St Mark's Basilica. 2nd or 3rd century AD.
The Riace Bronzes (The Riace Warriors) Around 460 BC.

Monday, 15 March 2021

High status female skeleton found at La Almoloya

A silver diadem still adorned the skull of a woman when her 3,700-year-old grave was discovered at the site of La Almoloya, Spain. The trove of ornate jewelry suggests she was elite status.
La Almoloya is an archaeological site about 35 miles northwest of Cartagena in southeastern Spain. Radiocarbon dating suggests the burial occured about 1700 B.C.

Sunday, 14 March 2021

Huge ancient shipwreck examined

An ancient ship was found off the coast of Kefalonia - one of the Ionian islands near the west coast of Greece. The wreck of the 35 metres (110ft) ship, along with its cargo of 6,000 amphorae, was discovered at a depth of around 60 metres.(197ft) Goods such as cereal, wine, oil and olives were transported throughout the Mediterranean, with Rome often their final destination.
Study of the wreck could shed light on sea-routes, trading, amphorae hull stowage and shipbuilding in the period between first century BC and first century AD.

Saturday, 13 March 2021

Antikythera Mechanism revealed

The Antikythera mechanism is an ancient Greek hand-powered orrery, the first analogue computer and the oldest known example of such a device.
It was used to predict astronomical positions and eclipses.
The artifact was retrieved from a shipwreck in 1901. It is dated to about 100 BC and represents lost technology. A complex clockwork mechanism composed of at least 30 meshing bronze gears was designed to convey our place in the universe and forecast celestial events like lunar and solar eclipses.