Monday, 6 December 2021

Opushki cemetery

The Opushki cemetery, located 20 km from Simferopol on the hills of the Crimean Peninsula, encompasses about 2 hectares. Only 3,500 square meters of that have been excavated so far. In 2016 excavation started in full force, with students and volunteers arriving to dig during the summer days of Crimea. The cemetery contains thousands of burials, from the first century B.C.E. and up to the 4th century C.E. It fell into disuse, but over its 500 years of history, it served as a burial center for five cultures: The late Scythian, middle and late Sarmatian, the Alans, and the Goths.
In 2021, a burial dug-out crypt with a rectangular entrance tunnel and a dromos, an underground corridor, was unearthed. Within, four bodies were entombed including two women and a child. They were laid to rest with jewelry, all embedded with carnelian gemstones.
This type of adornment is called polychrome pre-Hun and would only be owned by the elite.