Monday, 5 December 2022

Battle of Teutoburg Forest

In 2018 eight gold coins were discovered in Germany that could confirm the site of the Battle of Teutoburg Forest. Such a find is extremely rare. The recent discovery at Kalkriese doubles the number of gold coins from the site. The coins feature Emperor Augustus, with the imperial princes Gaius and Lucius Caesar, and date between 2BCE and 5CE. Lucius died of a sudden illness on 20 August AD 2. His brother Gaius died at age 21 February, AD 4. The Battle of the Teutoburg Forest took place in 9 CE, when an alliance of Germanic tribes ambushed and destroyed three legions of the Roman commander Publius Quintilius Varus.
In September 9 AD Varus marched with three legions with him, the Seventeenth, the Eighteenth and the Nineteenth when news arrived from the Germanic prince Arminius of a growing revolt in the Rhine area to the West. Ignoring a warning from Segestes not to trust Arminius, Varus marched deep into the Teutoburg Forest. All three legions were wiped out to the last man. Varus committed suicide.
As a result of the battle Germania remained independent from Roman rule.

Roughly 20,000 men were killed during the slaughter in Teutoburg Forest.
An aureus from the reign of Augustus would have been enough to feed and house an entire family in Rome for a month.
Archaeologists speculate they once belonged to a high-ranking Roman officer.
In 1990 a misshapen and corroded cavalry mask was found. Thought to have been worn during exhibitions by cavalry it is one of the most exceptional finds at the site of the Battle of the Teutoburg Forest. It is one the oldest facial helmets known from the Roman army